Snake venom

information about snake venom

information about snake venom

Understanding snake venom pharmacokinetics is essential for developing risk assessment strategies and determining the optimal dose and timing of antivenom required to bind all venom in snakebite patients.information about snake venom This review aims to explore the current knowledge of snake venom pharmacokinetics in animals and humans. Literature searches were conducted using EMBASE (1974-present) and Medline (1946-present).

نتیجه تصویری برای ‪snake venom‬‏

For animals, 12 out of 520 initially identified studies met the inclusion criteria. In general, the disposition of snake venom was described by a two-compartment model consisting of a rapid distribution phase and a slow elimination phase, with half-lives of 5 to 48 min and 0.8 to 28 h, respectively, following rapid intravenous injection of the venoms or toxins. When the venoms or toxins were administered intramuscularly or subcutaneously, an initial absorption phase and slow elimination phase were observed. The bioavailability of venoms or toxins ranged from 4 to 81.5% following intramuscular administration and 60% following subcutaneous administration. The volume of distribution and the clearance varied between snake species.

تصویر مرتبط

information about snake venom

Snake venom is highly modified saliva containing zootoxins which facilitates the immobilization and digestion of prey, and defense against threats.information about snake venom It is injected by unique fangs after a bite, and some species are also able to spit their venom.

The glands that secrete the zootoxins are a modification of the parotid salivary gland found in other vertebrates, and are usually situated on each side of the head, below and behind the eye, and encapsulated in a muscular sheath. The glands have large alveoli in which the synthesized venom is stored before being conveyed by a duct to the base of channeled or tubular fangs through which it is ejected.

نتیجه تصویری برای ‪snake venom‬‏

Venoms contain more than 20 different compounds, mostly proteins and polypeptides. A complex mixture of proteins, enzymes, and various other substances with toxic and lethal properties serves to immobilize the prey animal, enzymes play an important role in the digestion of prey, and various other substances are responsible for important but non-lethal biological effects. Some of the proteins in snake venom have very specific effects on various biological functions including blood coagulation, blood pressure regulation, and transmission of the nervous or muscular impulse, and have been developed for use as pharmacological or diagnostic tools, and even useful drugs.

information about snake venom

Snake venom ophthalmia is caused by venoms of spitting elapid and other snakes.information about snake venom The cobra is one of the most venomous snakes of genus Naja.

تصویر مرتبط

There are more than 20 species of cobra like the King cobra of South Africa, Thailand, Burma, China, India, Malaysia, Philippines; the spitting cobra of Africa and parts of South East Asia; the Indian cobra found in India and Central Asia; and the tree cobra, which is found in Central and Western equatorial Africa.1 Spitting cobras can eject venom into the eyes of their preys or predators. Humans can also be accidentally affected and fear of death or of becoming blind can cause extreme anxiety in the afflicted person. We report an uncommon case of a man who received snake venom in his eye.

information about snake venom

Snake venom ophthalmia is caused by venoms of spitting elapid and other snakes. The cobra is one of the most venomous snakes of genus Naja.

تصویر مرتبط

There are more than 20 species of cobra like the King cobra of South Africa, Thailand, Burma, China, India, Malaysia, Philippines; the spitting cobra of Africa and parts of South East Asia; the Indian cobra found in India and Central Asia; and the tree cobra, which is found in Central and Western equatorial Africa.1 Spitting cobras can eject venom into the eyes of their preys or predators. Humans can also be accidentally affected and fear of death or of becoming blind can cause extreme anxiety in the afflicted person. We report an uncommon case of a man who received snake venom in his eye.

information about snake venom

There are more than 20 species of cobra like the King cobra of South Africa, Thailand, Burma, China, India, Malaysia, Philippines; the spitting cobra of Africa and parts of South East Asia; the Indian cobra found in India and Central Asia; and the tree cobra, which is found in Central and Western equatorial Africa.1 Spitting cobras can eject venom into the eyes of their preys or predators. Humans can also be accidentally affected and fear of death or of becoming blind can cause extreme anxiety in the afflicted person. We report an uncommon case of a man who received snake venom in his eye.

Snake venom is the poisonous, typically yellow fluid stored in the modified salivary glands of venomous snakes. There are hundreds of venomous snake species that rely on the venom they produce to debilitate and immobilize their prey.

تصویر مرتبط

Venom is composed of a combination of proteins, enzymes, and other molecular substances. These toxics substances work to destroy cells, disrupt nerve impulses, or both. Snakes use their venom cautiously, injecting amounts sufficient to disable prey or to defend against predators. Snake venom works by breaking down cells and tissues, which can lead to paralysis, internal bleeding, and death for the snake bite victim.

information about snake venom

Snake venom ophthalmia is caused by venoms of spitting elapid and other snakes. The cobra is one of the most venomous snakes of genus Naja.

تصویر مرتبط

There are more than 20 species of cobra like the King cobra of South Africa, Thailand, Burma, China, India, Malaysia, Philippines; the spitting cobra of Africa and parts of South East Asia; the Indian cobra found in India and Central Asia; and the tree cobra, which is found in Central and Western equatorial Africa.1 Spitting cobras can eject venom into the eyes of their preys or predators. Humans can also be accidentally affected and fear of death or of becoming blind can cause extreme anxiety in the afflicted person. We report an uncommon case of a man who received snake venom in his eye.

information about snake venom

Snake venom ophthalmia is caused by venoms of spitting elapid and other snakes. The cobra is one of the most venomous snakes of genus Naja.

تصویر مرتبط

There are more than 20 species of cobra like the King cobra of South Africa, Thailand, Burma, China, India, Malaysia, Philippines; the spitting cobra of Africa and parts of South East Asia; the Indian cobra found in India and Central Asia; and the tree cobra, which is found in Central and Western equatorial Africa.1 Spitting cobras can eject venom into the eyes of their preys or predators. Humans can also be accidentally affected and fear of death or of becoming blind can cause extreme anxiety in the afflicted person. We report an uncommon case of a man who received snake venom in his eye.

information about snake venom

There are more than 20 species of cobra like the King cobra of South Africa, Thailand, Burma, China, India, Malaysia, Philippines; the spitting cobra of Africa and parts of South East Asia; the Indian cobra found in India and Central Asia; and the tree cobra, which is found in Central and Western equatorial Africa.1 Spitting cobras can eject venom into the eyes of their preys or predators. Humans can also be accidentally affected and fear of death or of becoming blind can cause extreme anxiety in the afflicted person. We report an uncommon case of a man who received snake venom in his eye.

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