One hive bees include a queen, several hundred bees and several thousand bees. In the summer and spring, when bees have a lot of activity to collect juice, they may have 5-7 kilograms of bee, and the number of male bees will be higher in this time than any other time in the hive. Each of these two types of bees has a particular duty, but the purpose of pursuing a hive is to survive generations or to defend and maintain the hive, and the individual’s opinion is not inseparable, and none of them, as a result of solitary solicitation, are not able to survive for a long time. And so their goal is done collectively.
The bee queen is simply identified with male workers and bees. The queen is relatively taller and longer than the workers and longer than male bees, but not wider than them. Because the abdomen is long and wide at the bottom, the length of the wings is shorter than the wings of workers and male bees. The queen’s bite is slightly curved and has fewer teeth than the bite of the worker, and is used only to destroy the rival queens. The queen’s movement is mild in normal mode, but it can move at a speed when needed. All eggs located in the cells are laid by the queen of the honeycomb unit. The queen saves her spontaneously in a young, open-air environment with one or more males and sperms for her.
Bees breeding season*
The season of growing babies in moderate climates, starting in mid-January, has been growing steadily, reaching its peak in May. If the conditions permit, their reproductive activity will continue until the end of June and will continue to decline. In the months of November and December, the fertility will be stopped completely. Different breeds of beehives have different characteristics in this regard. When reproduction of the colony is at its maximum development, a queen may have 1,500-2,000 eggs per day.
Breeding the queen
In a bee colony, queen breeding may be due to one of the following causes:
Putting a new queen instead of a property that has been extinct due to an unknown.
Replacement of property that is old but still willing to operate.
To extort a colony or a kid.
In each of the above cases, brokers attempt to build a queen’s house and nurture it that does not specifically prevent them. In the first case, several queens are being built in emergency homes transformed by the workers’ home. At the beginning of the emergency home building, the main cell is accumulated by a special fluid that is secreted from the submandibular gland, and the larvae floats inside the main cell. In this way, the larvae enters a special part arranged to cultivate the queen.
Larvae selected for queen emergency eradication are often two days, but three-day larvae can also be found. Usually, workers are trying to use older larvae in the queen’s emergency development. If the selected larvae is used to breed a two-day queen, after about 11 days, the queen will leave the cell and if she is favorable, she will be mating for laying after 10 days. In this case, it takes at least three weeks from the time that the hive loses its property until it succeeds.
Virgin Queen, when it’s about 5-3 days old, before flying for mating exploratory flights around the hive. Mating is usually done on the warmest days of the day. Sometimes the queen mates to the hive after a few moments. Viewing the mating that is surely done in the sky is very small. Male bees fly in the sky quickly around the queen, and each one strives to reach herself. This mass flight lasts for sometime zigzag. The bee that breeds mummies loses and dies the penis and part of the related members.
In a short mating phase, the male sperm enters the queen’s vagina. To prevent sperm from leaving the vagina, the male insulin immediately blocks the outlet of the vagina with a special gelatin material. Spermatozoids then float to the sperm bag and float around it. In the sperm bag, the spermatozoids are rotated regularly and almost without movement. The queen usually mating several times before spitting it, enough to save her sperm.
Shortly after the Queen mates, the attention of the workers will be greater than Queen’s. Wherever the Queen is located, a circle of workers whose members are constantly changing. The young laborer’s bees feed on the queen and touch her body with their tentacles, with a mouthful of menses, to receive the queen’s release material and divide the other bees. The queen moves on a certain base when laying on the shoulders. First, you insert your head into each cell, test them, and then place the eggs in it. For this purpose, your bowel bends and ends in the cell.
See the queen
Some coaches spend a lot of time searching for a queen, but it’s better to know if Queen works well. If there are enough bee colonies in the hive that can be found on regular occasions, the queen’s activity is satisfactory. Therefore, there is no need to inspect the entire hive and to test one or two generations of frames.